This first-ever Surgeon General’s Report on bone health and osteoporosis illustrates the large burden that bone disease places on our Nation and its citizens. Like other chronic diseases that disproportionately affect the elderly, the prevalence of bone disease and fractures is projected to increase markedly as the population ages. If these predictions come true, bone disease and fractures will have a tremendous negative impact on the future well-being of Americans. But as this report makes clear, they need not come true: by working together we can change the picture of aging in America. Osteoporosis, fractures, and other chronic diseases no longer should be thought of as an inevitable part of growing old. By focusing on prevention and lifestyle changes, including physical activity and nutrition, as well as early diagnosis and appropriate treatment, Americans can avoid much of the damaging impact of bone disease and other chronic diseases. This Surgeon General’s Report brings together for the first time the scientific evidence related to the prevention, assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of bone disease. More importantly, it provides a framework for moving forward. The report will be another effective tool in educating Americans about how they can promote bone health throughout their lives.
After reading this Report, the participant should be able to:
- Describe the basics of bone biology in health and disease.
- Assess the public health burden of bone disease in the US.
- Identify the most common diseases of bone, including their causes, natural history, treatments, and effects.
- Define the genetic and lifestyle factors implicated in the etiology of bone disease and how those factors can be addressed to promote and improve bone health.
- Explain how healthcare professionals can improve their recognition and diagnosis of bone disease.
- Summarize the most recent advances in techniques to prevent and treat bone fractures.
- Analyze the utility of population-based approaches to improve the health status of the community.
- Evaluate the potential effectiveness of the Surgeon General’s framework for action to promote bone health.
Categories: Professional Development/Patient Care Quality; Radiology