A Review of MRI of the Breast and MRI-Guided Stereotactic Biopsy

Suzan Lowe, BA, RT(R)(MR)


  *Senior Research Technologist, Department of Radiology-Magnetic Resonance Imaging, The University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
  Address correspondence to: Suzan Lowe, BA, RT(R)(MR), Senior Research Technologist, The University of Michigan, Department of Radiology UH-B2B 407, 1500 East Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. E-mail: srohrer@med.umich.edu.

Disclosure: Ms Lowe reports having no financial or advisory relationships with corporate organizations related to this activity.

ABSTRACT

Changes in technology are altering the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in breast imaging. MRI continues to show improvement in the detection and diagnosis of breast cancer, even in its earliest stages. It is especially beneficial for imaging lesions that are occult on other modalities. To better understand the role of MRI in conventional breast imaging and as a modality for guiding biopsies this article will provide a review of basic MR breast imaging techniques, an overview for technologists of MRI-guided stereotactic breast biopsy procedures, and highlights of the pros and cons of MRI breast biopsy guidance as an alternative to surgical biopsy. The role of the MRI technologist, various safety considerations, and technical developments are also discussed.



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